• For over 14 years (since 2008), we've been finding industrial space (warehouse, flex, manufacturing...)
  • All types of businesses and uses - lease, rent, sale, or purchase
  • Let Us Help Find Yours Too!
  • No Gimmicks. No Hassles*. Just Quality Brokerage Services!

(* Disclaimer: Okay, okay - Real Estate does tend to throw a few knucklers, but we'll get you through them.)

Warehouse Loading Types

See Our List of Metro Home Pages and Select/View Yours

Distribution, manufacturing, service, fabrication, storage and many other uses occupy millions of warehouses around the world. Goods go in, goods go out, machinery goes in, machinery goes out - and on and on.

Understanding the types of access to these warehouses is imperative when evaluating business needs and alternative facilities available. In this article we will explore several widely used loading types.

Dock High 

Dock-high loading is synonymous with distribution and storage. Whether uses in distribution centers or port handling facilities, dock loading facilities are a necessity when unloading and loading contents from and to over the road containers. True dock loading and the most preferred is accomplished when the truck court is at natural ground level and the warehouse floor is at or near 48” in height.

Semi-Dock or 1/2 Dock 

Semi-Dock is almost always at 24” in height, hence the name 1/2 dock. or half dock. This type of loading is mainly used to transfer product between the warehouse and standard short box trucks (UPS type) and/or standard pickups/delivery trucks.

Grade Level 

Grade level loading is when the overhead door entry is at or very near the level of the natural grade level of the truck court. Grade level loading is necessary for fork lift access to the truck court or yard to access trailers and transfer product. Grade level loading is also required for facilities which have mandatory truck/trailer access to the interior of the building. Quasi grade level loading can be accomplished with a dock high slab by adding a ramp down to grade/natural ground level.

Exterior Docks 

If adequate yard area exists, a grade level building can incorporate dock access by adding an exterior built up dock, at 24” or 48”, with a ramp down either in the yard or into the warehouse.

Dock Well 

Also in a grade level building, dock access can be achieved by installing a dock well, to 24” or 48” or both. The dock well is a ramp down into the ground usually meeting the slab of the building. This loading type enables the building to utilize its natural grade level attributes while incorporating true dock level transfer with a tractor trailer.

If you’ve ended up with a grade level building, and you find that you need at least some dock-high loading capability, have a look at our article on How to Use a Grade Level Facility for Dock-High Loading.

Looking for Warehouse or Office space in Houston?

Centermark Commercial Real Estate specializes in Industrial and Office in the Greater Houston area. CCRE is the exclusive affiliate broker for WarehouseFinder.NET in Houston, TX.

Tags for this Article
(Click tag to see more articles for the tag)
Location Tags for this Article
  • All Locations

Click a Link Below to See Our Home Page for Your Metro Area

Disclaimer: At any given time, the above Metro Areas may have active affiliates, or we may be actively searching for an affiliate for any given Metro Area. Some turnover occurs as we make certain you have the best available professionals to work with. If there is an active affiliate for a metro you have selected, details will be present in the "Affiliate-Metro" (see In-Page Navigation) section above.

Need More Details?

Want more infomation about something on this page? Need industrial, office or warehouse space? Fill out our form here to let our Broker Affiliate Network know about your needs including help assessing an existing lease. You may also call us at" %} to begin the discussion.

Please contact us at our Info Email address or use our Contact Us form if you have questions or concerns.

As Seen On CBS NBC Fox News

Need more details?

We are here to assist. Contact us by phone, email or via our social media channels.

Large Warehouse with Dock High Docks, Links to Site Help